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Scheduled Task/Job: At

Description from ATT&CK

Adversaries may abuse the at utility to perform task scheduling for initial or recurring execution of malicious code. The at utility exists as an executable within Windows, Linux, and macOS for scheduling tasks at a specified time and date. Although deprecated in favor of Scheduled Task's schtasks in Windows environments, using at requires that the Task Scheduler service be running, and the user to be logged on as a member of the local Administrators group.

On Linux and macOS, at may be invoked by the superuser as well as any users added to the at.allow file. If the at.allow file does not exist, the at.deny file is checked. Every username not listed in at.deny is allowed to invoke at. If the at.deny exists and is empty, global use of at is permitted. If neither file exists (which is often the baseline) only the superuser is allowed to use at.(Citation: Linux at)

Adversaries may use at to execute programs at system startup or on a scheduled basis for Persistence. at can also be abused to conduct remote Execution as part of Lateral Movement and/or to run a process under the context of a specified account (such as SYSTEM).

In Linux environments, adversaries may also abuse at to break out of restricted environments by using a task to spawn an interactive system shell or to run system commands. Similarly, at may also be used for Privilege Escalation if the binary is allowed to run as superuser via sudo.(Citation: GTFObins at)

Atomic Tests

Atomic Test #1 - At.exe Scheduled task

Executes cmd.exe Note: deprecated in Windows 8+

Upon successful execution, cmd.exe will spawn at.exe and create a scheduled task that will spawn cmd at a specific time.

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: 4a6c0dc4-0f2a-4203-9298-a5a9bdc21ed8

Inputs:

None

Attack Commands: Run with command_prompt!

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at 13:20 /interactive cmd

Atomic Test #2 - At - Schedule a job

This test submits a command to be run in the future by the

1
at
daemon.

Supported Platforms: linux

auto_generated_guid: 7266d898-ac82-4ec0-97c7-436075d0d08e

Inputs:

Name Description Type Default Value
time_spec Time specification of when the command should run String now + 1 minute
at_command The command to be run String echo Hello from Atomic Red Team

Attack Commands: Run with sh!

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echo "#{at_command}" | at #{time_spec}

Dependencies: Run with sh!

Description: The

1
at
and
1
atd
executables must exist in the PATH

Check Prereq Commands:

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which at && which atd

Get Prereq Commands:

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echo 'Please install `at` and `atd`; they were not found in the PATH (Package name: `at`)'

Description: The

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atd
daemon must be running

Check Prereq Commands:

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systemctl status atd || service atd status

Get Prereq Commands:

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echo 'Please start the `atd` daemon (sysv: `service atd start` ; systemd: `systemctl start atd`)'

source