Try it using Invoke-Atomic

Run Virtual Instance

Description from ATT&CK

Adversaries may carry out malicious operations using a virtual instance to avoid detection. A wide variety of virtualization technologies exist that allow for the emulation of a computer or computing environment. By running malicious code inside of a virtual instance, adversaries can hide artifacts associated with their behavior from security tools that are unable to monitor activity inside the virtual instance. Additionally, depending on the virtual networking implementation (ex: bridged adapter), network traffic generated by the virtual instance can be difficult to trace back to the compromised host as the IP address and hostname might not match known values.(Citation: SingHealth Breach Jan 2019)

Adversaries may utilize native support for virtualization (ex: Hyper-V) or drop the necessary files to run a virtual instance (ex: VirtualBox binaries). After running a virtual instance, adversaries may create a shared folder between the guest and host with permissions that enable the virtual instance to interact with the host file system.(Citation: Sophos Ragnar May 2020)

Atomic Tests

Atomic Test #1 - Register Portable Virtualbox

ransomware payloads via virtual machines (VM). Maze ransomware

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: c59f246a-34f8-4e4d-9276-c295ef9ba0dd

Inputs:

Name Description Type Default Value
msi_file_path Path to the MSI file Path PathToAtomicsFolder\T1564.006\bin\Virtualbox_52.msi
cab_file_path Path to the CAB file Path PathToAtomicsFolder\T1564.006\bin\common.cab

Attack Commands: Run with command_prompt!

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"C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VBoxSVC.exe" /reregserver
regsvr32 /S "C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VboxC.dll"
rundll32 "C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VBoxRT.dll,RTR3Init"
sc create VBoxDRV binpath= "C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\drivers\VboxDrv.sys" type= kernel start= auto error= normal displayname= PortableVBoxDRV
sc start VBoxDRV

Cleanup Commands:

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sc stop VBoxDRV
sc delete VBoxDRV
regsvr32 /u /S "C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VboxC.dll"
msiexec /x #{msi_file_path} /qn

Dependencies: Run with powershell!

Description: MSI file must exist on disk at specified location (#{msi_file_path})

Check Prereq Commands:

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if (Test-Path #{msi_file_path}) {exit 0} else {exit 1}

Get Prereq Commands:

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New-Item -Type Directory (split-path #{msi_file_path}) -ErrorAction ignore | Out-Null
Invoke-WebRequest "https://github.com/redcanaryco/atomic-red-team/raw/master/atomics/T1564.006/bin/Virtualbox_52.msi" -OutFile "#{msi_file_path}"

Description: CAB file must exist on disk at specified location (#{cab_file_path})

Check Prereq Commands:

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if (Test-Path #{cab_file_path}) {exit 0} else {exit 1}

Get Prereq Commands:

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New-Item -Type Directory (split-path #{cab_file_path}) -ErrorAction ignore | Out-Null
Invoke-WebRequest "https://github.com/redcanaryco/atomic-red-team/raw/master/atomics/T1564.006/bin/common.cab" -OutFile "#{cab_file_path}" 

Description: Old version of Virtualbox must be installed

Check Prereq Commands:

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if (Test-Path "C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VboxC.dll") {exit 0} else {exit 1}

Get Prereq Commands:

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msiexec /i #{msi_file_path} /qn

Atomic Test #2 - Create and start VirtualBox virtual machine

Create a simple VirtualBox VM and start up the machine Cleanup command stops and deletes the newly created VM and associated files https://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch08.html#vboxmanage-startvm https://news.sophos.com/en-us/2020/05/21/ragnar-locker-ransomware-deploys-virtual-machine-to-dodge-security/ https://attack.mitre.org/techniques/T1564/006/

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: 88b81702-a1c0-49a9-95b2-2dd53d755767

Inputs:

Name Description Type Default Value
vm_name Name of the new virtual machine String Atomic VM
virtualbox_exe Path to the VirtualBox executable Path C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VirtualBox.exe
vboxmanage_exe Path to the executable for VBoxManage, the command-line interface to VirtualBox Path C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VBoxManage.exe
virtualbox_download URL for the current installer for the Windows version of VirtualBox, as of March 2022 Url https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/6.1.32/VirtualBox-6.1.32-149290-Win.exe
virtualbox_installer Executable for the Virtualbox installer String VirtualBox-6.1.32-149290-Win.exe

Attack Commands: Run with command_prompt!

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"#{vboxmanage_exe}" createvm --name "#{vm_name}" --register
"#{vboxmanage_exe}" modifyvm "#{vm_name}" --firmware efi
"#{vboxmanage_exe}" startvm "#{vm_name}"

Cleanup Commands:

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"#{vboxmanage_exe}" controlvm "#{vm_name}" poweroff
"#{vboxmanage_exe}" unregistervm "#{vm_name}" --delete

Dependencies: Run with powershell!

Description: VirtualBox must exist on disk at specified locations (#{virtualbox_exe})

Check Prereq Commands:

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if (Test-Path "#{virtualbox_exe}") {exit 0} else {exit 1}

Get Prereq Commands:

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$wc = New-Object System.Net.WebClient
$wc.DownloadFile("#{virtualbox_download}","$env:TEMP\#{virtualbox_installer}")
start-process -FilePath "$env:TEMP\#{virtualbox_installer}" -ArgumentList "--silent" -Wait

Description: VBoxManage must exist on disk at specified locations (#{vboxmanage_exe})

Check Prereq Commands:

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if (Test-Path "#{vboxmanage_exe}") {exit 0} else {exit 1}

Get Prereq Commands:

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$wc = New-Object System.Net.WebClient
$wc.DownloadFile("#{virtualbox_download}","$env:TEMP\#{virtualbox_installer}")
start-process -FilePath "$env:TEMP\#{virtualbox_installer}" -ArgumentList "--silent" -Wait

Atomic Test #3 - Create and start Hyper-V virtual machine

Create a simple Hyper-V VM (Windows native hypervisor) and start up the machine Cleanup command stops and deletes the newly created VM https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/virtualization/hyper-v-on-windows/quick-start/enable-hyper-v https://embracethered.com/blog/posts/2020/shadowbunny-virtual-machine-red-teaming-technique/ https://attack.mitre.org/techniques/T1564/006/

Supported Platforms: windows

auto_generated_guid: fb8d4d7e-f5a4-481c-8867-febf13f8b6d3

Inputs:

Name Description Type Default Value
vm_name Name of the new virtual machine String Atomic VM

Attack Commands: Run with powershell! Elevation Required (e.g. root or admin)

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$VM = "#{vm_name}"
New-VM -Name $VM -Generation 2
Set-VMFirmware $VM -EnableSecureBoot Off
Start-VM $VM

Cleanup Commands:

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Stop-VM $VM -Force
Remove-VM $VM -Force

Dependencies: Run with powershell!

Description: Hyper-V must be enabled on the system Checks whether Hyper-V is enabled. If not, enables Hyper-V and forces a required restart

Check Prereq Commands:

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if ((Get-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V).State = "Enabled") {exit 0} else {exit 1}

Get Prereq Commands:

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Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V -All -Force

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