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Obfuscated Files or Information: Binary Padding

Description from ATT&CK

Adversaries may use binary padding to add junk data and change the on-disk representation of malware. This can be done without affecting the functionality or behavior of a binary, but can increase the size of the binary beyond what some security tools are capable of handling due to file size limitations.

Binary padding effectively changes the checksum of the file and can also be used to avoid hash-based blocklists and static anti-virus signatures.(Citation: ESET OceanLotus) The padding used is commonly generated by a function to create junk data and then appended to the end or applied to sections of malware.(Citation: Securelist Malware Tricks April 2017) Increasing the file size may decrease the effectiveness of certain tools and detection capabilities that are not designed or configured to scan large files. This may also reduce the likelihood of being collected for analysis. Public file scanning services, such as VirusTotal, limits the maximum size of an uploaded file to be analyzed.(Citation: VirusTotal FAQ)

Atomic Tests

Atomic Test #1 - Pad Binary to Change Hash - Linux/macOS dd

Uses dd to add a zero to the binary to change the hash.

Upon successful execution, dd will modify

, therefore the expected hash will change.

Supported Platforms: macos,linux

auto_generated_guid: ffe2346c-abd5-4b45-a713-bf5f1ebd573a


Name Description Type Default Value
file_to_pad Path of binary to be padded Path /tmp/evil-binary

Attack Commands: Run with sh!

dd if=/dev/zero bs=1 count=1 >> #{file_to_pad}

Cleanup Commands:

rm #{file_to_pad}

Dependencies: Run with bash!

Description: The binary must exist on disk at specified location (#{file_to_pad})

Check Prereq Commands:

if [ -f #{file_to_pad} ]; then exit 0; else exit 1; fi;

Get Prereq Commands:

cp /bin/ls #{file_to_pad}