T1217 - Browser Bookmark Discovery

Description from ATT&CK

Adversaries may enumerate information about browsers to learn more about compromised environments. Data saved by browsers (such as bookmarks, accounts, and browsing history) may reveal a variety of personal information about users (e.g., banking sites, relationships/interests, social media, etc.) as well as details about internal network resources such as servers, tools/dashboards, or other related infrastructure.(Citation: Kaspersky Autofill) Browser information may also highlight additional targets after an adversary has access to valid credentials, especially [Credentials In Files](https://attack.mitre.org/techniques/T1552/001) associated with logins cached by a browser. Specific storage locations vary based on platform and/or application, but browser information is typically stored in local files and databases (e.g., `%APPDATA%/Google/Chrome`).(Citation: Chrome Roaming Profiles)

Atomic Tests


Atomic Test #1 - List Mozilla Firefox Bookmark Database Files on FreeBSD/Linux

Searches for Mozilla Firefox’s places.sqlite file (on FreeBSD or Linux distributions) that contains bookmarks and lists any found instances to a text file.

Supported Platforms: Linux

auto_generated_guid: 3a41f169-a5ab-407f-9269-abafdb5da6c2

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | output_file | Path where captured results will be placed. | path | /tmp/T1217-Firefox.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
2
find / -path "*.mozilla/firefox/*/places.sqlite" 2>/dev/null -exec echo {} >> #{output_file} \;
cat #{output_file} 2>/dev/null

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{output_file} 2>/dev/null



Atomic Test #2 - List Mozilla Firefox Bookmark Database Files on macOS

Searches for Mozilla Firefox’s places.sqlite file (on macOS) that contains bookmarks and lists any found instances to a text file.

Supported Platforms: macOS

auto_generated_guid: 1ca1f9c7-44bc-46bb-8c85-c50e2e94267b

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | output_file | Path where captured results will be placed. | path | /tmp/T1217_Firefox.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
2
find / -path "*/Firefox/Profiles/*/places.sqlite" -exec echo {} >> #{output_file} \;
cat #{output_file} 2>/dev/null

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{output_file} 2>/dev/null



Atomic Test #3 - List Google Chrome Bookmark JSON Files on macOS

Searches for Google Chrome’s Bookmark file (on macOS) that contains bookmarks in JSON format and lists any found instances to a text file.

Supported Platforms: macOS

auto_generated_guid: b789d341-154b-4a42-a071-9111588be9bc

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | output_file | Path where captured results will be placed. | path | /tmp/T1217-Chrome.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
2
find / -path "*/Google/Chrome/*/Bookmarks" -exec echo {} >> #{output_file} \;
cat #{output_file} 2>/dev/null

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{output_file} 2>/dev/null



Atomic Test #4 - List Google Chromium Bookmark JSON Files on FreeBSD

Searches for Google Chromium’s Bookmark file (on FreeBSD) that contains bookmarks in JSON format and lists any found instances to a text file.

Supported Platforms: Linux

auto_generated_guid: 88ca025b-3040-44eb-9168-bd8af22b82fa

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | output_file | Path where captured results will be placed. | path | /tmp/T1217-Chrome.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
2
find / -path "*/.config/chromium/*/Bookmarks" -exec echo {} >> #{output_file} \;
cat #{output_file} 2>/dev/null

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{output_file} 2>/dev/null



Atomic Test #5 - List Google Chrome / Opera Bookmarks on Windows with powershell

Searches for Google Chrome’s and Opera’s Bookmarks file (on Windows distributions) that contains bookmarks. Upon execution, paths that contain bookmark files will be displayed.

Supported Platforms: Windows

auto_generated_guid: faab755e-4299-48ec-8202-fc7885eb6545

Attack Commands: Run with
1
powershell
!

1
Get-ChildItem -Path C:\Users\ -Filter Bookmarks -Recurse -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Force



Atomic Test #6 - List Google Chrome / Edge Chromium Bookmarks on Windows with command prompt

Searches for Google Chromes’s and Edge Chromium’s Bookmarks file (on Windows distributions) that contains bookmarks. Upon execution, paths that contain bookmark files will be displayed.

Supported Platforms: Windows

auto_generated_guid: 76f71e2f-480e-4bed-b61e-398fe17499d5

Attack Commands: Run with
1
command_prompt
!

where /R C:\Users\ Bookmarks



Atomic Test #7 - List Mozilla Firefox bookmarks on Windows with command prompt

Searches for Mozilla Firefox bookmarks file (on Windows distributions) that contains bookmarks in a SQLITE database. Upon execution, paths that contain bookmark files will be displayed.

Supported Platforms: Windows

auto_generated_guid: 4312cdbc-79fc-4a9c-becc-53d49c734bc5

Attack Commands: Run with
1
command_prompt
!

where /R C:\Users\ places.sqlite



Atomic Test #8 - List Internet Explorer Bookmarks using the command prompt

This test will list the bookmarks for Internet Explorer that are found in the Favorites folder

Supported Platforms: Windows

auto_generated_guid: 727dbcdb-e495-4ab1-a6c4-80c7f77aef85

Attack Commands: Run with
1
command_prompt
!

dir /s /b %USERPROFILE%\Favorites



Atomic Test #9 - List Safari Bookmarks on MacOS

This test searches for Safari’s Bookmarks file (on macOS) and lists any found instances to a text file.

Supported Platforms: macOS

auto_generated_guid: 5fc528dd-79de-47f5-8188-25572b7fafe0

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | output_file | Path where captured results will be placed. | path | /tmp/T1217-Safari.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
2
find / -path "*/Safari/Bookmarks.plist" 2>/dev/null >> #{output_file} 
cat #{output_file}

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{output_file} 2>/dev/null