T1070.006 - Indicator Removal on Host: Timestomp

Description from ATT&CK

Adversaries may modify file time attributes to hide new or changes to existing files. Timestomping is a technique that modifies the timestamps of a file (the modify, access, create, and change times), often to mimic files that are in the same folder. This is done, for example, on files that have been modified or created by the adversary so that they do not appear conspicuous to forensic investigators or file analysis tools. Timestomping may be used along with file name [Masquerading](https://attack.mitre.org/techniques/T1036) to hide malware and tools.(Citation: WindowsIR Anti-Forensic Techniques)

Atomic Tests


Atomic Test #1 - Set a file’s access timestamp

Stomps on the access timestamp of a file

Supported Platforms: Linux, macOS

auto_generated_guid: 5f9113d5-ed75-47ed-ba23-ea3573d05810

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | target_filename | Path of file that we are going to stomp on last access time | path | /tmp/T1070.006-access.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
touch -a -t 197001010000.00 #{target_filename}

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{target_filename}

Dependencies: Run with
1
sh
!

Description: The file must exist in order to be timestomped
Check Prereq Commands:
1
test -e #{target_filename} && exit 0 || exit 1
Get Prereq Commands:
1
echo 'T1070.006 file access timestomp test' > #{target_filename}



Atomic Test #2 - Set a file’s modification timestamp

Stomps on the modification timestamp of a file

Supported Platforms: Linux, macOS

auto_generated_guid: 20ef1523-8758-4898-b5a2-d026cc3d2c52

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | target_filename | Path of file that we are going to stomp on last access time | path | /tmp/T1070.006-modification.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
touch -m -t 197001010000.00 #{target_filename}

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{target_filename}

Dependencies: Run with
1
sh
!

Description: The file must exist in order to be timestomped
Check Prereq Commands:
1
test -e #{target_filename} && exit 0 || exit 1
Get Prereq Commands:
1
echo 'T1070.006 file modification timestomp test' > #{target_filename}



Atomic Test #3 - Set a file’s creation timestamp

Stomps on the create timestamp of a file

Setting the creation timestamp requires changing the system clock and reverting. Sudo or root privileges are required to change date. Use with caution.

Supported Platforms: Linux, macOS

auto_generated_guid: 8164a4a6-f99c-4661-ac4f-80f5e4e78d2b

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | target_filename | Path of file that we are going to stomp on last access time | path | /tmp/T1070.006-creation.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
! Elevation Required (e.g. root or admin)

1
2
3
4
5
NOW=$(date +%m%d%H%M%Y)
date 010100001971
touch #{target_filename}
date "$NOW"
stat #{target_filename}

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{target_filename}



Atomic Test #4 - Modify file timestamps using reference file

Modifies the

1
modify
and
1
access
timestamps using the timestamps of a specified reference file.

This technique was used by the threat actor Rocke during the compromise of Linux web servers.

Supported Platforms: Linux, macOS

auto_generated_guid: 631ea661-d661-44b0-abdb-7a7f3fc08e50

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | target_file_path | Path of file to modify timestamps of | path | /tmp/T1070.006-reference.txt| | reference_file_path | Path of reference file to read timestamps from | path | /bin/sh|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
touch -acmr #{reference_file_path} #{target_file_path}

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{target_file_path}

Dependencies: Run with
1
sh
!

Description: The file must exist in order to be timestomped
Check Prereq Commands:
1
test -e #{target_file_path} && exit 0 || exit 1
Get Prereq Commands:
1
echo 'T1070.006 reference file timestomp test' > #{target_file_path}



Atomic Test #5 - Windows - Modify file creation timestamp with PowerShell

Modifies the file creation timestamp of a specified file. This technique was seen in use by the Stitch RAT. To verify execution, use File Explorer to view the Properties of the file and observe that the Created time is the year 1970.

Supported Platforms: Windows

auto_generated_guid: b3b2c408-2ff0-4a33-b89b-1cb46a9e6a9c

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | target_date_time | Date/time to replace original timestamps with | string | 01/01/1970 00:00:00| | file_path | Path of file to change creation timestamp | path | PathToAtomicsFolder\..\ExternalPayloads\T1551.006_timestomp.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
powershell
!

1
Get-ChildItem "#{file_path}" | % { $_.CreationTime = "#{target_date_time}" }

Dependencies: Run with
1
powershell
!

Description: A file must exist at the path (#{file_path}) to change the creation time on
Check Prereq Commands:
1
if (Test-Path "#{file_path}") {exit 0} else {exit 1}
Get Prereq Commands:
1
2
New-Item -Path "#{file_path}" -Force | Out-Null
Set-Content "#{file_path}" -Value "T1551.006 Timestomp" -Force | Out-Null



Atomic Test #6 - Windows - Modify file last modified timestamp with PowerShell

Modifies the file last modified timestamp of a specified file. This technique was seen in use by the Stitch RAT. To verify execution, use File Explorer to view the Properties of the file and observe that the Modified time is the year 1970.

Supported Platforms: Windows

auto_generated_guid: f8f6634d-93e1-4238-8510-f8a90a20dcf2

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | target_date_time | Date/time to replace original timestamps with | string | 01/01/1970 00:00:00| | file_path | Path of file to change modified timestamp | path | PathToAtomicsFolder\..\ExternalPayloads\T1551.006_timestomp.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
powershell
!

1
Get-ChildItem "#{file_path}" | % { $_.LastWriteTime = "#{target_date_time}" }

Dependencies: Run with
1
powershell
!

Description: A file must exist at the path (#{file_path}) to change the modified time on
Check Prereq Commands:
1
if (Test-Path "#{file_path}") {exit 0} else {exit 1}
Get Prereq Commands:
1
2
New-Item -Path "#{file_path}" -Force | Out-Null
Set-Content "#{file_path}" -Value "T1551.006 Timestomp" -Force | Out-Null



Atomic Test #7 - Windows - Modify file last access timestamp with PowerShell

Modifies the last access timestamp of a specified file. This technique was seen in use by the Stitch RAT. To verify execution, use File Explorer to view the Properties of the file and observe that the Accessed time is the year 1970.

Supported Platforms: Windows

auto_generated_guid: da627f63-b9bd-4431-b6f8-c5b44d061a62

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | target_date_time | Date/time to replace original timestamps with | string | 01/01/1970 00:00:00| | file_path | Path of file to change last access timestamp | path | PathToAtomicsFolder\..\ExternalPayloads\T1551.006_timestomp.txt|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
powershell
!

1
Get-ChildItem "#{file_path}" | % { $_.LastAccessTime = "#{target_date_time}" }

Dependencies: Run with
1
powershell
!

Description: A file must exist at the path (“#{file_path}”) to change the last access time on
Check Prereq Commands:
1
if (Test-Path "#{file_path}") {exit 0} else {exit 1}
Get Prereq Commands:
1
2
New-Item -Path "#{file_path}" -Force | Out-Null
Set-Content "#{file_path}" -Value "T1551.006 Timestomp" -Force | Out-Null



Atomic Test #8 - Windows - Timestomp a File

Timestomp kxwn.lock.

Successful execution will include the placement of kxwn.lock in #{file_path} and execution of timestomp.ps1 to modify the time of the .lock file.

Mitre ATT&CK Evals

Supported Platforms: Windows

auto_generated_guid: d7512c33-3a75-4806-9893-69abc3ccdd43

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | file_path | File path for timestomp payload | string | PathToAtomicsFolder\..\ExternalPayloads|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
powershell
!

1
2
import-module "#{file_path}\timestomp.ps1"
timestomp -dest "#{file_path}\kxwn.lock"

Dependencies: Run with
1
powershell
!

Description: timestomp.ps1 must be present in #{file_path}.
Check Prereq Commands:
1
if (Test-Path "#{file_path}\timestomp.ps1") {exit 0} else {exit 1}
Get Prereq Commands:
1
Invoke-WebRequest "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/mitre-attack/attack-arsenal/bc0ba1d88d026396939b6816de608cb279bfd489/adversary_emulation/APT29/CALDERA_DIY/evals/payloads/timestomp.ps1" -OutFile "#{file_path}\timestomp.ps1"
Description: kxwn.lock must be present in #{file_path}.
Check Prereq Commands:
1
if (Test-Path -path "#{file_path}\kxwn.lock") {exit 0} else {exit 1}
Get Prereq Commands:
1
New-Item -Path "#{file_path}\kxwn.lock" -ItemType File



Atomic Test #9 - MacOS - Timestomp Date Modified

Stomps on the modification timestamp of a file using MacOS’s SetFile utility

Supported Platforms: macOS

auto_generated_guid: 87fffff4-d371-4057-a539-e3b24c37e564

Inputs:

| Name | Description | Type | Default Value | |——|————-|——|—————| | target_filename | Path of file that we are going to stomp on last modified time | path | /tmp/T1070.006-modified.txt| | target_date | Date to replace original timestamps with | string | 01/01/1970|

Attack Commands: Run with
1
sh
!

1
SetFile -m #{target_date} #{target_filename}

Cleanup Commands:

1
rm -f #{target_filename}

Dependencies: Run with
1
sh
!

Description: The file must exist in order to be timestomped
Check Prereq Commands:
1
test -e #{target_filename} && exit 0 || exit 1
Get Prereq Commands:
1
echo 'T1070.006 MacOS file modified timestomp test' > #{target_filename}